Advanced Search
REVIEW ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2010 March;53(3) :286-293.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2010.53.3.286
Pediatric dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry: interpretation and clinical and research application
Jung Sub Lim (Lim JS)
Department of Pediatrics, Korean Cancer Center Hospital
Corresponding Author: Jung Sub Lim ,Email: limjs@kcch.re.kr
Copyright © 2010 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
Peak bone mass is established predominately during childhood and adolescence. It is an important determinant of future resistance to osteoporosis and fractures to gain bone mass during growth. The issue of low bone density in children and adolescents has recently attracted much attention and the use of pediatric dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is increasing. The process of interpretation of pediatric DXA results is different from that of adults because normal bone mineral density (BMD) of children varies by age, body size, pubertal stage, skeletal maturation, sex, and ethnicity. Thus, an appropriate normal BMD Z-score reference value with Z-score should be used to detect and manage low BMD. Z-scores below -2.0 are generally considered a low BMD to pediatrician even though diagnoses of osteoporosis in children and adolescents are usually only made in the presence of at least one fragility fracture. This article will review the basic knowledge and practical guidelines on pediatric DXA based on the International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) Pediatric Official Positions. Also discussed are the characteristics of normal Korean children and adolescents with respect to BMD development. The objective of this review is to help pediatricians to understand when DXA will be useful and how to interpret pediatric DXA reports in the clinical practice for management of children with the potential to develop osteoporosis in adulthood.
Keywords: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) | Osteoporosis | Low bone mineral density | Fracture | Children and Adolescence
TOOLS
PDF Links  PDF Links
Full text via DOI  Full text via DOI
Download Citation  Download Citation
Supplementary Material  Supplementary Material
  E-Mail
Share:      
METRICS
929
View
3
Download
Register for e-submission
Register here to access the e-submission system of Korean J Pediatr for authors and reviewers.
Manuscript Submission
To submit a manuscript, please visit the Korean J Pediatr e-submission management system at http://submit.kjp.or.kr, read the Instructions for Authors, and log into the Korean J Pediatr e-submission system. For assistance with manuscript submission, please contact: kjpped@gmail.com.
Free archive
Anyone may access any past or current articles without logging in.
Korean Pediatric Society Office
#1606, Seocho World Officetel, 19 Seoun-ro, Seocho-gu, Seoul 137-070, Korea
TEL : +82-2-3473-7305    FAX : +82-2-3473-7307   E-mail: kjpped@gmail.com
BrowseCurrent IssueFor Authors and ReviewersAbout
Copyright© The Korean Pediatric Society. All right reserved.