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REVIEW ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2010 September;53(9) :817-823.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2010.53.9.817
General considerations and updates in pediatric gastrointestinal diagnostic endoscopy
Yong Joo Kim (Kim YJ)
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Yong Joo Kim ,Email: kyjoo@hanyang.ac.kr
Copyright © 2010 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
Gastrointestinal and colonic endoscopic examinations have been performed in pediatric patients in Korea for 3 decades. Endoscopic procedures are complex and may be unsafe if special concerns are not considered. Many things have to be kept in mind before, during, and after the procedure. Gastrointestinal endoscopy is one of the most frequently performed procedure in children nowadays, Since the dimension size of the endoscopy was modified for pediatric patients 15 years ago, endoscopic procedures are almost performed routinely in pediatric gastrointestinal patients. The smaller size of the scope let the physicians approach the diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic procedures. But this is an invasive procedure, so the procedure itself may provoke an emergence state. The procedurerelated complications can more easily occur in pediatric patients. Sedation-related or procedure-related respiratory, cardiovascular complications are mostly important and critical in the care. The endoscopists are required to consider diverse aspects of the procedure–patient preparation, indications and contraindications, infection controls, sedation methods, sedative medicines and the side effects of each medicine, monitoring during and after the procedure, and complications related with the procedure and medicines– to perform the procedure successfully and safely. This article presents some
Keywords: Pediatric | Gastrointestinal endoscopy | Child
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