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Korean J Pediatr 2010 September;53(9) :840-844.
Microalbuminuria in children with urinary tract infection
Byung Ok Kwak (Kwak BO), Sochung Chung (Chung Sc), Kyo Sun Kim (Kim KS)
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Kyo Sun Kim ,Email:
Copyright © 2010 by The Korean Pediatric Society
Purpose : Microalbuminuria is defined as increased urinary albumin excretion (30-300 mg/day) or microalbumin/creatinine ratio (30-300 mg/g) in a spot urine sample. Although microalbuminuria is a predictor of clinical nephropathy and cardiomyopathy, few studies have investigated microalbuminuria in children with urinary tract infection (UTI). Therefore, we compared the spot urine microalbumin/creatinine ratio in pediatric UTI patients with that of control subjects. Methods : We investigated the correlation between the ratio in children with UTI and age, height, weight, blood pressure, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), hematuria, vesicoureteral reflux, renal parenchymal defect, and renal scar, and its predictability for UTI complications. Results : We studied 66 patients (42 boys, 24 girls) and 52 healthy children (24 boys, 28 girls). The mean microalbumin/creatinine ratio in UTI patients was statistically significantly increased compared to the control group (340.04321.36 mg/g vs. 225.68154.61 mg/g, P=0.0141). The mean value of spot urine microalbumin/creatinine ratio (384.70342.22 mg/g vs. 264.92158.13 mg/g, P=0.0341) in 1-23 months age patient group showed statistically significant increase compared to control group. Microalbumin/creatinine ratio showed negative correlation to age (r=-0.29, P=0.0167), body surface area (BSA) (r=-0.29, P=0.0173) and GFR (r=-0.26, P=0.0343). The presence of hematuria (P=0.0169) was found to be correlated. Conclusion : The spot urine microalbumin/creatinine ratio in children with UTI was significantly greater than that in normal children, and it was positively correlated with GFR. This ratio is a potential prescreening and prognostic marker in UTI patients. Further studies are required to validate the predictability of microalbuminuria in pediatric UTI patients.
Keywords: Microalbuminuria | Child | Urinary tract infection
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