Advanced Search
Korean J Pediatr 2011 May;54(5) :201-206.
A study on the menstruation of Korean adolescent girls in Seoul
Jin Chul Lee (Lee JC)1, Byung Keun Yu (Yu BK)1, Jung Hye Byeon (Byeon JH)1, Kee-Hyoung Lee (Lee KH)1, Jung Hye Min (Min JH)2, Sang Hee Park (Park SH)1
1Department of Pediatrics, Korea University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Pediatrics, Hongik Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Sang Hee Park ,Tel: +82-2-920-5695, Fax: +82-2-922-7476, Email:
Copyright © 2011 by The Korean Pediatric Society
Purpose : Westernized eating habits have been associated with earlyage menstruation, which increases the incidence of dysmenorrhea and premenstrual syndrome among adolescent girls. We therefore surveyed changes in menarche timing and the general menstrual characteristics of adolescent girls in Seoul, Korea. Methods : We surveyed 538 teenage girls who visited our hospital between July and November 2007. Items explored included age at menarche, general menstrual characteristics, occurrence of premenstrual syndrome and treatment thereof, and an association between present dysmenorrhea and a family history of the condition. Results : Average age at menarche was 12.6 years, with 29% (n=156) subjects beginning menstruation at age 12 years. The prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 82% (n=435). The main symptoms were abdominal (53.2%) and lower back pain (34.2%), and 15.2% of girls who experienced such symptoms required medication. Present dysmenorrhea, and a family history thereof, were statistically correlated (P<0.05). In addition, 58.8% (n=316) of teenage girls had symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. The most frequent psychological symptoms were fatigue (36.4%) and nervousness (38.7%), whereas the most common physical symptom was menstrual cramps (46.5%). Most subjects (87.6%) tolerated the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome without medication; 11.4% took medicines including painkillers; but only 0.1% of subjects visited a doctor. Conclusion : The average age at menarche in Korean girls was 12.6 years, thus younger than in the past. Most teenage girls experienced dysmenorrhea and premenstrual syndrome, but few consulted a doctor. Organized treatment plans are required to manage menstrual problems in teenage girls.
Keywords: Adolescent | Menarche | Dysmenorrhea | Premenstrual syndrome
PDF Links  PDF Links
Full text via DOI  Full text via DOI
  via Pubmed
Full text via PMC  Full text via PMC
via Pubreader  via PubReader
Download Citation  Download Citation
Supplementary Material  Supplementary Material
Lifestyle modifications in an adolescent dormitory: a clinical trial  2014 December;57(12)
A study on the utilization of complementary and alternative medicine for elementary children  2009 October;52(10)
A study on the toilet training and influencing factors  2009 July;52(7)
A study of adolescent smoking and drinking in Korea  2009 April;52(4)
About the new edition of child and adolescent health record book  2008 September;51(9)
Register for e-submission
Register here to access the e-submission system of Korean J Pediatr for authors and reviewers.
Manuscript Submission
To submit a manuscript, please visit the Korean J Pediatr e-submission management system at, read the Instructions for Authors, and log into the Korean J Pediatr e-submission system. For assistance with manuscript submission, please contact:
Free archive
Anyone may access any past or current articles without logging in.
Korean Pediatric Society Office
#1606, Seocho World Officetel, 19 Seoun-ro, Seocho-gu, Seoul 137-070, Korea
TEL : +82-2-3473-7305    FAX : +82-2-3473-7307   E-mail:
BrowseCurrent IssueFor Authors and ReviewersAbout
Copyright© The Korean Pediatric Society. All right reserved.