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REVIEW ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2011 July;54(7) :282-286.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2011.54.7.282
Nutritional management of breastfeeding infants for the prevention of common nutrient deficiencies and excesses
Jin Soo Moon (Moon JS)
Department of Pediatrics, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea
Corresponding Author: Jin Soo Moon ,Tel: +82-31-910-7101, Fax: +82-31-910-7108, Email: jsmoon@paik.ac.kr
Copyright © 2011 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
Breastfeeding is the best source of nutrition for every infant, and exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months is usually optimal in the common clinical situation. However, inappropriate complementary feeding could lead to a nutrient-deficient status, such as iron deficiency anemia, vitamin D deficiency, and growth faltering. The recent epidemic outbreak of obesity in Korean children emphasizes the need for us to control childrens daily sedentary life style and their intakes of high caloric foods in order to prevent obesity. Recent assessment of breastfeeding in Korea has shown that the rate is between 63% and 89%; thus, up-to-dated evidence-based nutritional management of breastfeeding infants to prevent common nutrient deficiencies or excesses should be taught to all clinicians and health care providers.
Keywords: Breastfeeding | Iron deficiency anemia | Vitamin D deficiency | Complementary feeding | Obesity
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