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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2011 July;54(7) :292-297.
doi:https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2011.54.7.292
Clinical characteristics of obese boys and girls in a high school: focused on abdominal fat indices, fatty liver and carotid intima-media thickness
Jung Eun Oh (Oh JE)1, Jiyoung Jung (Jung Jy)1, Hae Soon Kim (Kim HS)1, Young Mi Hong (Hong YM)1, Jung Hyun Yoo (Yoo JH)2, Young Whan Song (Song YW)3, Jo Won Jung (Jung JW)4, Nam Su Kim (Kim NS)5, Chung Il Noh (Noh CI)6
1Departments of Pediatrics, Ewha Womans University of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
2Departments of Radiology, Ewha Womans University of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Pediatrics, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea
4Department of Pediatrics, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea
5Department of Pediatrics, Han Yang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
6Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Hae Soon Kim ,Tel: +82-2-2650-5569, Fax: +82-2-2653-3718, Email: hyesk@ewha.ac.kr
Copyright © 2011 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
Purpose: Our study aimed to evaluated sex differences in clinical features of obese high school students, Methods: One hundred three obese high school students (body mass index [BMI]85th percentile) and 51 control students (BMI< 85th percentile) were enrolled in this study. Anthropometric measurements were performed. Fasting serum glucose, insulin, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and high-sensitive C-reactive protein were measured. Abdominal fat thickness, degree of fatty liver, and carotid intima-media thickness were measured by ultrasound. Results: In control and obese groups, waist circumference was significantly longer in boys but body fat mass was significantly higher in girls. In the control group, total cholesterol and LDL-C were higher in girls. In the obese group, however, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and triglyceride were higher and HDL-C was lower in boys. Preperitoneal fat thickness was significantly higher in obese girls. In obese group, the degree of fatty liver was significantly higher in boys. Carotid intima-media thickness was not significantly different between boys and girls. Conclusion: Obese adolescents had distinguishable sex differences in body measurements, metabolic abnormalities, abdominal fat thickness and fatty liver. We can infer that these characteristics may extend into adult obesity.
Keywords: Adolescent | Obesity | Abdominal fat | Fatty liver | Carotid artery disease
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