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Korean J Pediatr 2011 November;54(11) :443-455.
Changes in the neonatal and infant mortality rate and the causes of death in Korea
Sung-Hoon Chung (Chung SH)1, Yong-Sung Choi (Choi YS)1, Chong-Woo Bae (Bae CW)2
1Department of Medicine, Kyung Hee University Graduate School, Korea
2Department of Pediatrics, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Chong-Woo Bae ,Tel: +82-2-440-6130, Fax: +82-2-440-7175, Email:
Copyright © 2011 by The Korean Pediatric Society
Neonatal mortality rate (NMR) or infant mortality rate (IMR) are the rate of deaths per 1,000 live births at which babies of either less than four weeks or of one year of age die, respectively. The NMR and IMR are commonly accepted as a measure of the general health and wellbeing of a population. Koreas NMR and IMR fell significantly between 1993 and 2009 from 6.6 and 9.9 to 1.7 and 3.2, respectively. Common causes of infantile death in 2008 had decreased compared with those in 1996 such as other disorders originating in the perinatal period, congenital malformation of the heart, bacterial sepsis of newborns, disorders related to length of gestation and fetal growth, intra-uterine hypoxia, birth asphyxia. However, some other causes are on the increase, such as respiratory distress of newborn, other respiratory conditions originating in the perinatal period, other congenital malformation, diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism. In this study, we provide basic data about changes of NMR and IMR and the causes of neonatal and infantile death from 1983 to 2009 in Korea.
Keywords: Epidemiology | Vital statistics | Neonatal mortality | Infant mortality | Causes of death | Korea
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Erratum: Changes in the neonatal and infant mortality rate and the causes of death in Korea  2014 February;57(2)
Changes in birth rates of low birth weight and premature infants in Korea over the past 7 years  2008 March;51(3)
Changes in MaternalAge and the Incidence of Down Syndrome  1996 November;39(11)
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