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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2012 April;55(4) :136-142.
Published online 2012 April 16.        doi:https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2012.55.4.136
Correlation between glomerular filtration rate and urinary N acetyl-beta-D glucosaminidase in children with persistent proteinuria in chronic glomerular disease
Jeong Deok Hong (Hong JD), In Seok Lim (Lim IS)
Department of Pediatrics, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: In Seok Lim ,Tel: +82-2-748-9967, Fax: +82-2-795-4698, Email: inseok@cau.ac.kr
Copyright © 2012 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
Purpose: Urinary excretion of N acetyl-beta-D glucosaminidase (NAG) and 2-microglobulin (2-M) was increased in the presence of proximal tubular damage. Based on these urinary materials, we investigated the ability of expecting renal function in chronic glomerular diseases. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between glomerular filtration rate (GFR) urinary NAG, and urinary 2-M. Methods: We evaluated 52 children with chronic kidney disease at the Chung-Ang University Hospital between January 2003 and August 2009. We investigated the 24-hour urinalysis and hematologic values in all 52 patients. Serum creatinine, creatinine clearance (Ccr), serum cystatin C, urinary 2-M and urinary NAG were measured. Results: Out of 52 patients, there were 13 children with minimal change in disease, 3 children with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, 17 children with immunoglobulin A nephropathy, 15 children with Henoch-Schonlein purpua nephritis, 3 children with poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, and 1 child with thin glomerular basement membrane disease. In these patients, there were significant correlation between the Ccr and urinary NAG (r=-0.817; P<0.01), and between the GFR (as determined by Schwartz method) and urinary NAG (r=- 0.821; P<0.01). In addition, there was a significant correlation between the GFR (as determined by Bokencamp method) and urinary NAG (r=- 0.858; P<0.01). Conclusion: In our study, there was a significant correlation between the GFR and urinary NAG, but there was no correlation between the GFR and urinary 2-M, suggesting that the GFR can be predicted by urinary NAG in patients with chronic glomerular disease.
Keywords: Proteinuria | Glomerular filtration rate | N acetyl-beta-D glucosaminidase
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