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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2012 May;55(5) :164-170.
Published online 2012 May 15.        doi:https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2012.55.5.164
Successful and safe treatment of hemangioma with oral propranolol in a single institution
Sun Hee Chung (Chung SH)1, Dong Hyuk Park Park (Park DH)1, Hye Lim Jung (Jung HL)1, Jae Won Shim (Shim JW)1, Deok Soo Kim (Kim DS)1, Jung Yeon Shim (Shim JY)1, Moon Soo Park (Park MS)1, Hong Hoe Koo (Koo HH)2
1Department of Pediatrics, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Hye Lim Jung ,Tel: +82-2-2001-2200, Fax: +82-2-2001-2199, Email: hl.jung@samsung.com
Copyright © 2012 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
Purpose: Dramatic improvement of hemangioma to propranolol has been recently reported; however, details on dose and duration of treatment, potential risks, and monitoring have not been determined. The objective of this study is to describe and analyze the use of propranolol as a first-line treatment or as a single therapy in management of complicated hemangioma. Methods: A retrospective chart review of eight patients diagnosed with hemangioma and treated with propranolol in Kangbuk Samsung Hospital from February 2010 to April 2011 was performed. Results: Eight patients with hemangioma with functional impairment, cosmetic disfigurement, or rapid growth were treated with propranolol. Five patients had solitary facial hemangioma. The mean age of symptoms at onset was 5 weeks. The median age for starting propranolol treatment was 5.5 months. Propranolol at 2 mg/kg/day was finally administered in divided doses with a gradual increase. Significant regression was observed in seven patients, and shrinkage in size, softening in consistency, and decrease in redness were evident within 4 weeks. Among them, six patients were still taking propranolol, and one patient had stopped after 12 months. Other one patient did not show significant improvement with satisfactory result after 3 months of propranolol use. Treatment with propranolol was well tolerated and had few side effects. No rebound growth was observed in any of the patients. Conclusion: We observed that use of propranolol was very effective in treatment of hemangioma without obvious adverse effects or relapse.
Keywords: Hemangioma | Propranolol | Treatment
 
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