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CASE REPORT
Korean J Pediatr 2012 May;55(5) :181-184.
Published online 2012 May 15.        doi:https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2012.55.5.181
Urinary bladder rupture during voiding cystourethrography
Kyong Ok Lee (Lee KO)1, Se Jin Park (Park SJ)2, Jae Il Shin (Shin JI)1, Suk Young Lee (Lee SY)3, Kee Hyuck Kim (Kim KH)4
1Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Pediatrics, Ajou University Hospital, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea
3Departments of Urology, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea
4Departments of Pediatrics, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea
Corresponding Author: Kee Hyuck Kim ,Tel: +82-31-900-0520, Fax: +82-31-900-0049, Email: kkim@nhimc.or.kr
Copyright © 2012 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) is a commonly performed diagnostic procedure for the evaluation of vesicoureteral reflux with urinary tract infection or congenital renal diseases in children. The procedure is relatively simple and cost-effective, and complications are very rare. The iatrogenic complication of VCUG range from discomfort, urinary tract infection to bacteremia, as well as bladder rupture. Bladder rupture is a rare complication of VCUG, and only a few cases were reported. Bladder rupture among healthy children during VCUG is an especially uncommon event. Bladder rupture associated with VCUG is usually more common in chronically unused bladders like chronic renal failure. Presented is a case of bladder rupture that occurred during a VCUG in a healthy 9-monthold infant, due to instilled action of dye by high pressure. This injury completely healed after 7 days of operation, and it was confirmed with a postoperative cystography. The patients bladder volume, underlying disease, velocity of the contrast media instilled, catheter size, and styles of instillation are important factors to prevent bladder rupture during VCUG. Management of bladder rupture should be individualized, but the majority of infants are treated with the operation. In conclusion, bladder rupture is a rare complication, however, delicate attention is needed in order to prevent more dire situations.
Keywords: Urinary bladder | Rupture | Radiography
 
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