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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Korean J Pediatr 2012 June;55(6) :202-205.
Published online 2012 June 15.        doi:https://doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2012.55.6.202
Epidemiology of Kawasaki disease in infants 3months of age and younger
Eun Jung Lee (Lee EJ)1, Yong Won Park (Park YW)2, Young Mi Hong (Hong YM)3, Joon Sung Lee (Lee JS)1, Ji Whan Han (Han JW)1
1Department of Pediatrics, The Catholic University of Korea School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Pediatrics, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Pediatrics, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Ji Whan Han ,Tel: +82-31-820-3580, Fax: +82-31-821-3108, Email: han59@catholi.ac.kr
Copyright © 2012 by The Korean Pediatric Society
ABSTRACT
Purpose: This study investigated the epidemiology of Kawasaki disease (KD) in infants 3-month-old. Methods: To study the epidemiology of KD in Korea, data for 27,851 KD patients were collected on a 3-year basis between 2000 and 2008 in a retrospective survey. From this, data for 609 KD patients 3-month-old were analyzed and compared with the data for KD patients >3-month-old. Results: The 609 KD patients 3-month-old (385 males and 224 females) constituted 2.2% of the KD patients. They included 25 infants <1-month-old, 198 infants 1- to 2-month-old, and 386 infants > 2- and 3-months-old. The ratio of males to females was 1.72:1. The incidence of coronary artery (CA) dilatation (19.9% vs. 18.7%) and CA aneurysms (3.4% vs. 2.6%) detected by echocardiography did not differ significantly between patients with KD younger and older than 3-month-old. Conclusion: Compared with the data for the KD patients >3-monthold, the data for the 609 patients 3-month-old did not show a significantly higher incidence of CA dilatation or CA aneurysms.
Keywords: Kawasaki disease | Coronary artery dilatation | Coronary aneurysm | Epidemiology | Infant
 
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